Datong Museum (I): Weidu Pingcheng

Horse beehive recommendation 2022-06-24 06:56:33 阅读数:134

datongmuseumweidupingcheng

*** Overview of Datong Museum

Now Dabo , It's a new museum .2014 year 12 month 31 Japan , The Yudong New Museum of Datong museum was officially completed and opened , Open the door , So far , It is the largest municipal museum in Shanxi Province , It is now a national secondary Museum . The old hall was originally located in the Huayan Temple in Datong .
The main gate of new Dabo
Xindabo is far away from the urban area , The surrounding facilities are not perfect , And there is no free hot water , So be sure to bring enough food and hot water . Nothing wrong with the rest , clean 、 Clean and tidy , There are not many people .
Swipe your ID card to get tickets
Lobby on the first floor of Dabo
There are four floors underground and above the ground .
Each floor has a floor index map
among “ Weidu Pingcheng ”、“ Liao, Jin and Xijing ”、“ Through the vicissitudes of life ” It is the main exhibition hall , There is not much else to see , Generally look carefully 3-5 An hour is enough .
A large mural in the lobby on the first floor 《 Travel map of nobles in Northern Wei Dynasty 》
《 Travel map of nobles in Northern Wei Dynasty 》 In the first section, there are cavalry guides and trombone players
▲《 Travel map of nobles in Northern Wei Dynasty 》 There are guards in the middle 、 Guard of honor 、 Jile 、 Juggling and noble chariots and horses .
《 Travel map of nobles in Northern Wei Dynasty 》 The rear part is heavy armour cavalry .
Cattle pull turtle cart
Turtle shell cart
Turtle shell cart
Dabo is clean 、 A clean environment
▲ There are many stars with huge murals, ox carts, and the two Yao duels on their heads , Therefore, Dabo has a high degree of recognition .

***“ Weidu Pingcheng ” Special exhibition

Read Dabo , I mainly look at this exhibition . When it comes to Datong , People with a little historical knowledge first think of the Northern Wei Dynasty . Watch this theme exhibition , Let's travel through time and space to 1500 The Northern Wei Dynasty many years ago , Understand the Northern Wei Dynasty and slowly interpret the city of Datong .
The first entrance of the exhibition hall
The exhibition has many contents , It is divided into two exhibition halls , All on the second floor .

One 、 The age of exuberance

Two 、 Pingcheng, Kyoto

Pingcheng building model
Remnants of royal architecture in the Northern Wei Dynasty
It is worth mentioning that , The image of the Northern Wei Dynasty's shop head with a ring , It gives us a great visual shock . Because its image has broken the shackle that we are used to seeing that the shop heads of the Ming and Qing Dynasties are all lion heads
Lay the head collar , Eagle Head Image
Lay the head collar , Animal face
Lay the head collar , Elephant face
Wadang of Northern Wei Dynasty
Shop head 、 Exquisite Northern Wei Dynasty sculptures such as tile , There are a large number of exhibitions in the Ming Tang Museum of the Northern Wei Dynasty in Datong City , Those who are interested in this , On the way back to the city after watching Dabo, you can go to Mingtang to have a look .
The animal faced tiles in the Mingtang Museum of the Northern Wei Dynasty .
All kinds of lotus tiles in the Ming Tang Museum of the Northern Wei Dynasty .
Sima Jinlong tomb lacquer screen painting , But “ star ”, To CCTV “ National treasure ” Interested friends must know . The exhibition is a replica , Because the original was taken by Shanxi Museum .
Sima Jinlong tomb lacquer screen painting
Stone carved column base of Sima Jinlong tomb
Sima Jinlong stone coffin bed
The ER Lishi and the surrounding animal faces in the middle of Sima Jinlong stone coffin bed 、 Decorative pattern .
The image of Lishi on the side of Sima Jinlong stone coffin bed .
Mention Sima Jinlong tomb , Apart from lacquer screen paintings, they are very famous , There is also a group of figurines from Sima Jinlong's tomb . If you finish reading Dabo , If you can only remember one cultural relic , That's probably it . Because it's so shocking .
Sima Jinlong tomb Figurine group
Sima Jinlong tomb Figurine group , This group of figurines was unearthed in Sima Jinlong tomb , The tomb is in 1965 It was discovered in shijiazhai village, Datong City in . This mighty and majestic army is the epitome of the Northern Wei army . The team is divided into guide riders 、 Terracotta warriors on horseback 、 Walking terracotta warriors 、 Walking terracotta warriors 、 The terracotta warriors of attendants and cavalry, etc . The soldiers wore handrails dōu móu Or cockscomb hood , Left hand rein , Raise weapons with your right hand flat , be fully equipped for , Awe inspiring . 
Sima Jinlong tomb Figurine group
The warrior figurines in the cultural relics unearthed from Sima Jinlong tomb 、 The total number of horseback warriors is 210 Pieces of , Of the total number of terracotta figures 56%, TaoMa also accounts for a considerable proportion . The terracotta warriors basically wear Hu clothes that are convenient for riding and fighting , It is the product of the integration of Han culture and nomadic culture .
Sima Jinlong tomb Figurine group
Here are some cultural relics unearthed from the Empress Dowager's tomb .
The stone carving of the head
Debris of clay statues of Bodhisattvas and tiles in the tomb of the Empress Dowager of civilization
Glazed pottery warehouse
Take a look at the various glazed pottery figurines buried with the Empress Dowager of civilization , It's not difficult to see how thoughtful the mourners are , Everything has been prepared , Even the well .
Glazed pottery stove (1)、 Glazed pottery stove figurines (2)、 Glazed pottery figurines beside the well (3)、 Glazed pottery well (4)、 Glazed pottery pestle duì(5)、 Glazed pottery treading pestle duì Figurines (6)

Pestle duì, A rice pounding instrument made of wood and stone .
All kinds of glazed pottery livestock
Glazed pottery figurines of honor guards ( Last two )、 Painted female attendant figurines ( Next two )

3、 ... and 、 Silk Road... Silk road

Cao Tiandu built a nine story stone tower ( The replica )
Acrobatic figurines of the Northern Wei Dynasty
Broken glass ( The Northern Wei Dynasty )
China's glass manufacturing , Before the reign of Emperor Kangxi in the Qing Dynasty, it was always behind the West . During the reign of Emperor Kangxi , I like western science very much , I think glass is a good thing , So they asked the court craftsmen to learn glass making techniques from the missionaries , Technology is becoming more and more mature , It is only then that works of a higher level are gradually presented .
Northern Wei Dynasty glass bowl
Hemispherical glass foam trim
Stone coffin bed
Stone coffin bed
Stone warrior statue
Three eye murals
Hu people lead camels and statues of Lishi murals
Terracotta warriors
Painted pottery town tomb beast
Tao Gou
Pottery donkey
Donkeys are rare among the pottery figurines buried with them . It looks very different from today's donkeys , It must be a donkey from the western regions , It may be extinct now .
Tao Ma
《 Beautiful scenery in Pingcheng 》
《 Beautiful scenery in Pingcheng 》 Local
《 Beautiful scenery in Pingcheng 》 Local
《 Beautiful scenery in Pingcheng 》 Local

Four 、 Hu Feng Han Yun

祍 rèn Ancient Tong “ Ren ”, Refers to the skirt . Left the accused , That is, the front left ,  Right Lapel , That is, the front is to the right .
Left the accused ( Xianbei )、 Right Lapel ( han ) Sketch Map .
Pottery figurines buried with people related to food
It is not difficult to see from these stone tools and pottery figurines , The contents of the burial figurines are very detailed , It's all about .
Pottery figurines buried with people related to food . Pestle duì, Rice pounding equipment
《 Banquet chart 》 Mural
Painted pottery horse
Painted Pottery Horse single shaft yáo vehicle . I'm sorry yáo, An ancient buggy
Painted turtle shell roof pottery ox cart
Felt tent model
Stone carved square inkstone
Yuchi Dingzhou tombstone coffin
Side view of sarcophagus in Dingzhou Tomb of Yuchi

5、 ... and 、 Funeral customs

Painted pottery town tomb beast
Painted pottery faces are used to control tomb animals
Painted pottery town tomb warrior figurines
Painted pottery town tomb warrior figurines
Painted pottery town tomb warrior figurines ( Have suffered bitterly in the old society and have a deep class hatred ~~)
Stone door frame
A group of figurines from the tombs of Shaozu and his wife in Song Dynasty
A group of figurines from the tombs of Shaozu and his wife in Song Dynasty , This group of terracotta figures 2000 It was unearthed from the tomb of song Shaozu and his wife at the construction site of Yanbei normal college in , It is the reappearance of the procession of honour guards of the tomb owner . The whole queue has terracotta warriors on horseback 、 There are terracotta figures on horseback armour 、 Terracotta warriors of honor 、 Armored infantry figurines 、 cattle 、 Horse 、 Ox cart, etc . Take the gorgeous ox cart that the tomb owner took as the center , The warrior figurine and the forerunner lead , Heavy cavalry and pommel horse are behind the palace , Formed a powerful travel team . 
A group of figurines from the tombs of Shaozu and his wife in Song Dynasty
A group of figurines from the tombs of Shaozu and his wife in Song Dynasty
A group of figurines from the tombs of Shaozu and his wife in Song Dynasty
Painted pottery horse
Painted pottery horse
This group of pottery was unearthed in the Northern Wei tombs in Datong area . The utensils are mainly made of clay strips and wheels . Beautiful shape 、 unique . There is a saucer pot 、 Flat edge pot 、 Extravagant pot 、 Short necked pot 、 Pan jar 、 Flat edge cans, etc . Rich patterns , There are honeysuckle patterns 、 Prick marks 、 Water ripple 、 String pattern 、 Dark lines 、 The Lianzhu pattern and so on epitomize the richness and variety of life in this period . 
It can also be viewed here via the electronic screen , The appearance of all kinds of pottery .
Pottery 、 The difference between porcelain
You can view every kind of pottery with an electronic screen
Tao Biyong inkstone
Bi Yong inkstone
Bi Yong inkstone , It is an excellent design of our ancestors . The inkstone is in the middle , The research hall is connected with the ink pool , The inkstone is high and uplifted , There are deep grooves around the inkstone to store water , So that calligraphers and painters can dip their brush into ink , Show its practical function . The lower part of the inkstone is supported by a large number of beads , The foot protrudes obviously , There are often decorative patterns . The shape of Biyong inkstone is unique , It shows the originality of the producer .
Stone carvings of the head door pillow stone
Pottery pot ( Second left )、 Pottery lamp ( The right one )
Pottery figurines
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